2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 7 )
 
  2. 
 
B2     A     1  7.
     .    
  .     .
 
 A. First computers E. Professional sport
 B. Risky sport F. Shopping from home
 C. Shopping in comfort G. New users
 D. Difficult task H. Digging for the past
 
 1. A group of university students from Brazil have been given the job of
 discovering and locating all the waterfalls in their country. It is not easy
 because very often the maps are not detailed. The students have to remain in
 water for long periods of time. Every day they cover a distance of 35 to 40
 kilometers through the jungle, each carrying 40 kilos of equipment.
 
 2. For many years now, mail-order shopping has served the needs of a certain
 kind of customers. Everything they order from a catalogue is delivered to their
 door. Now, though, e-mail shopping on the Internet has opened up even more
 opportunities for this kind of shopping.
 
 3. Another generation of computer fans has arrived. They are neither spotty
 schoolchildren nor intellectual professors, but pensioners who are learning
 computing with much enthusiasm. It is particularly interesting for people
 suffering from arthritis as computers offer a way of writing nice clear letters.
 Now pensioners have discovered the Internet and at the moment they make up
 the fastest growing membership.
 
 4. Shopping centres are full of all kinds of stores. They are like small, self-
 contained towns where you can find everything you want. In a large centre,
 shoppers can find everything they need without having to go anywhere else.
 They can leave their cars in the shopping centre car park and buy everything in
 a covered complex, protected from the heat, cold or rain.
 
 5. Not many people know that, back in the fifties, computers were very big, and
 also very slow. They took up complete floors of a building, and were less
 powerful, and much slower than any of todays compact portable computers. At
 first, the data they had to process and record was fed in on punched-out paper;
 later magnetic tape was used, but both systems were completely inconvenient.
 
6. Potholing is a dull name for a most interesting and adventurous sport. Deep
underground, on the tracks of primitive men and strange animals who have
adapted to life without light, finding unusual landscapes and underground lakes,
the potholer lives an exciting adventure. You mustnt forget, though, that it can
be quite dangerous. Without the proper equipment you can fall, get injured or
lost.
 
7. Substantial remains of an octagonal Roman bath house, probably reused as a
Christian baptistry, have been uncovered during a student training excavation
near Faversham in Kent. The central cold plunge pool was five metres across,
and stood within a structure which also had underfloor heating and hot pools,
probably originally under a domed roof.
    2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 9 )
 
B3      1  6  
 A  G.        G .   
 .
 
 Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they
 knew the universe. They were wrong.
 The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists view of the
 universe. The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble,
 1 _______________________.
 He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their
 classifications.
 In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope. It simply gathers light.
 It is roughly the size of a large school bus. What makes Hubble special is not
 what it is, 2 _______________________.
 Hubble was launched in 1990 from the Discovery space shuttle and it is
 about 350 miles above our planet, 3 _______________________.
 It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesnt have to look through the air,
 4 _______________________.
 And what a view it is! Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon.
 Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt
 light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images
 5 _______________________.
 Hubble has snapped photos of storms on Saturn and exploding stars. Hubble
 doesnt just focus on our solar system. It also peers into our galaxy and beyond.
 Many Hubble photos show the stars that make up the Milky Way galaxy. A
 galaxy is a city of stars.
 Hubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects,
 because doing so could fry the telescopes instruments, but it can detect
 infrared and ultra violet light 6 _______________________.
 Some of the sights of our solar system that Hubble has glimpsed may even
 change the number of planets in it.
 
 A. which is above Earths atmosphere.
 B. which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.
 C. which is invisible to the human eye.
 D. who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.
 E. so it has a clear view of space.
 F. because many stars are in clouds of gas.
 G. but where it is.
 
 1 2 3 4 5 6
 
 
 
 
  2009           
 
 
   2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 10 )
 
     15  21.   
  1, 2, 3  4,   
 .
 Sometimes my father scares me. He can tackle something he knows
nothing about, and nine times out of ten, it will come out all right. Its pure
luck, of course, but try convincing him. Frame of Mind, he says. Just
believe you can do a thing, and youll do it. Anything? I asked. Some day
your luck will run out. Then see what good your Frame of Mind will do, I
said.
 Believe me, I am not just being a smart alec. It so happens that I have
actually tried Frame of Mind myself. The first time was the year I went all out
to pass the civics final. I had to go all out, on account of I had not cracked a
book all year. I really crammed, and all the time I was cramming I was
concentrating on Frame of Mind. Just believe you can do a thing  sure. I made
the lowest score in the history of Franklin High. Thirty-three percent, I said,
showing my father the report card. Theres your Frame of Mind for you. He
put it on the table without looking at it. You have to reach a certain age and
understanding, he explained. Thats the key to Frame of Mind. Yeah?
What does a guy do in the meantime? Maybe you should study. Some kids
learn a lot that way.
 That was my first experience with Frame of Mind. My latest one was for
a promotion at the Austin Clothing Store. Jim Watson had a slightly better
sales record and was more knowledgeable and skillful. Me, I had Frame of
Mind. Jim Watson got the job. Did this convince my father? It did not. To
convince him, something had to happen. To him, I mean. Something did
happen, too, at the Austin Clothing Store. My father works there, too. What
happened was that Mr Austin paid good money for a clever Easter window
display. Its all set up and were about to draw the curtain when we discover
the display lights wont work. I can see Mr Austin growing pale. He is thinking
of the customers that could go right by his store in the time it will take him to
get hold of an electrician.
 This is when my father comes on the scene. Is something the matter?
he says. Oh, hello, Louis, Mr Austin says. He calls my father Louis. Me,
Joe Conklin  one of his best salesmen  he hardly knows. My father, a stock
clerk, he calls Louis. Life isnt always fair. These darned lights wont
work. Hmm, I see, my father says. Maybe I can be of service. From
inside his pocket comes a screwdriver. Mr Austin looks at him. Can you help
us, Louis? No, he cannot, I volunteer. You think hes Thomas Edison? I
dont intend to say that. It just slips out. Young man, I was addressing your
father, Mr Austin says, giving me a cold hard look. My father touches
something with his screwdriver and the display lights go on.
 What happened next was that the big safe in Mr Austins office got
jammed shut with all our paychecks in it. From nowhere comes my father. Is
something the matter? he says. The safe, Louis, Mr Austin is saying. It
 
  2009           
 
   2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 11 )
 
 wont open, I was going to send for you. Hmm, I see, my father says. Can
 you help us, Louis? Mr Austin inquires. I start to say he cannot, but I stop
 myself. If my father wants to be a clown, thats his business. What is the
 combination of this safe? my father says. Mr Austin whispers the combination
 in my fathers ear. Armed with the combination, he starts twirling the knob. I
 cant believe it: grown men and women standing hypnotized, expecting that
 safe door to open. And while they stand there, the safe door opens.
 Go ahead, say it was luck, my opening the safe today, my father says.
 OK, I reply. Then I tell him what I saw in the faces of those people in Mr
 Austins office: confidence and trust and respect. The key to Frame of Mind is
 you have to use it to give support to those who need it when theres no one else
 to save the situation. Otherwise it will not work.
 
A15 The narrator thought that his father
 1) believed that he was the luckiest man in the world.
 2) was a knowledgeable and highly qualified man.
 3) succeeded in almost everything he did.
 4) didnt mind being called a lucky man.
 
 
A16 In paragraph 2 I had to go all out means that the narrator had to
 1) take the civics examination one more time.
 2) take the civics examination in a different school.
 3) try as hard as he could to prepare for the exam.
 4) find somebody to help him pass the exam.
 
 
A17 They didn't promote the narrator because he had
 1) proved less successful than Jim.
 2) sold few records.
 3) no Frame of Mind.
 4) not reached the promotion age.
 
 
A18 Mr Austin was in despair because
 1) the curtain wouldnt draw open.
 2) he couldnt find an electrician.
 3) the display had cost him a lot of money.
 4) he was likely to lose some customers.
 
 
 
 
  2009           
 

 
    2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 12 )
 
A19 When Mr Austin called the narrators father Louis the young man felt
 1) proud of his Dad.
 2) hopeful of his Dad.
 3) jealous of his Dad.
 4) sorry for his Dad.
 
 
A20 The narrator was sure that
 1) his Dad would open the safe.
 2) his Dad knew nothing about safes.
 3) Mr. Austin wanted to make fun of his Dad.
 4) Mr. Austin had sent for his Dad to open the safe.
 
 
A21 According to Louis words, Frame of Mind worked if one was
 1) an expert in many fields.
 2) ready to help other people.
 3) a lucky person.
 4) respectful and trustful.
 
 
 
 
     2, 3  15  21  
        1! 
 ,     2, 3, 15  21  
   .
 
 
 
 
  2009           

 
 
    2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 13 )
  3.   
 
    . ,  ,
 ,      , 
  B4  B10,     
  .    . 
       B4  B10.
 
 A Smart Boy
 
 Mr. Jones and Mr. Brown worked in the same office. One
B4 day Mr. Jones said, __________________ pleasantly to Mr. SMILE
 Brown: We are going to have a small party next Monday
 evening. Will you and your wife come?
 
 Thats very kind of you. We are free that evening, I think.
B5 But I __________________ my wife and ask her. CALL
 
B6 Mr. Brown __________________ into the other room and GO
 telephoned.
 
B7 He __________________ very much by his telephone SURPRISE
 conversation.
 
 When he came back Mr. Jones asked him,
B8 __________________ (you) to your wife already? SPEAK
 
B9 No, she __________________ there when I phoned. My NOT BE
 small son answered the phone. I asked him, Is your mother
 there? And he said, She is somewhere outside.
 
B10 Why is she outside? I asked. She __________________ LOOK
 for me, he answered.
 
 
 
 
  2009           
 

 
    2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 14 )
 
 
    . ,  ,
 ,      , 
  11  16,      
   .   
 .       
 11  16.
 UK: Conservation and Environment
 
 Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in
 Britain. Despite its high population density and widespread
B11 __________________, the UK has many unspoilt rural and URBAN
 coastal areas.
 
 Twelve National Parks are freely accessible to the public and
B12 were created to conserve the __________________ beauty, NATURE
 wildlife and cultural heritage they contain.
 
 Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but
 administered by an independent National Park Authority
 which works to balance the expectations of
B13 __________________ with the need to conserve these open VISIT
 spaces for future generations.
 
 The UK also works to improve the global environment and
B14 has taken global warming __________________ ever since SERIOUS
 scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer.
 
 In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding
 developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main
 greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental
B15 __________________. PROTECT
 
B16 Nowadays British __________________ are taking part in SCIENCE
 one of the largest international projects that is undertaken to
 protect endangered species.
 
 
 
 
  2009           
 
 
    2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 15 )
 
    ,   22  28.
     A22  A28,  
    .  
    .
 
 Tracy
 
 Tracy was as excited as a child about her first trip abroad. Early in the
 morning, she stopped at a A22 ______ agency and reserved a suite on the
 Signal Deck of the Queen Elizabeth II. The next three days she spent buying
 clothes and luggage.
 On the morning of the sailing, Tracy hired a limousine to drive her to the pier.
 When she A23 ______ at Pier 90, where the Queen Elizabeth II was docked, it
 was crowded with photographers and television reporters, and for a moment
 Tracy was panic stricken. Then she realized they were interviewing the two
 men posturing at the foot of the gangplank. The members of the crew were
 helping the passengers with their luggage. On deck, a steward looked at
 Tracys ticket and A24 ______ her to her stateroom. It was a lovely suite with
 a private terrace. It had been ridiculously expensive but Tracy A25 ______ it
 was worth it.
 She unpacked and then wandered along the corridor. In almost every cabin
 there were farewell parties going on, with laughter and champagne and
 conversation. She felt a sudden ache of loneliness. There was no one to see her
 A26 ______, no one for her to care about, and no one who cared about her. She
 was sailing into a completely unknown future.
 Suddenly she felt the huge ship shudder as the tugs started to pull it out of the
 harbor, and she stood A27 ______ the passengers on the boat deck, watching
 the Statue of Liberty slide out of A28 ______, and then she went exploring.
 
A22 1) journey 2) trip 3) travel 4) tourist
 
A23 1) achieved 2) arrived 3) entered 4) reached
 
A24 1) set 2) came 3) headed 4) directed
 
A25 1) determined 2) resolved 3) decided 4) assured
 
A26 1) in 2) off 3) of 4) after
 
A27 1) among 2) along 3) between 4) besides
 
A28 1) glance 2) stare 3) sight 4) look
 
 
  2009           
 
 
   2009 .  , 11 . (2009 - 17 )
  4. 
    1, 2     2.
   1  2     , 
      ,   
  2.      
.
     2    
 1, 2,     .
    ,   
  .
 
C1 You have 20 minutes to do this task.
 You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tom who
 writes:
 
  In Great Britain most young people want to become
 independent from their parents as soon as possible. Could
 you tell me what you and your friends think about not relying
 on your parents? Are you ready to leave your family
 immediately after you finish school? Is it easy to rent a house
 or an apartment for students in Russia?
 As for the latest news, I have just returned from a trip to
 Scotland
 
 Write a letter to Tom.
 In your letter
 − answer his questions
 − ask 3 questions about his trip to Scotland
 
 Write 100  140 words.
 Remember the rules of letter writing.
 
 
C2 You have 40 minutes to do this task.
 
 Comment on the following statement.
 
 Our grandparents say their way of life was much more secure. However, young
 people have many more life opportunities nowadays.
 
 What is your opinion? Which way of life do you find more satisfying?
 
 Write 200  250 words.
 
 Use the following plan:
 - make an introduction (state the problem)
 - express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
 - give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you dont
 agree with it
 - draw a conclusion